Please Note – This is a list of Ingredients that are often used in Soap & Cosmetic Making
Amazing Soaps DO NOT use a lot of these ingredients
we have listed them here purely for your information & learning
Alkanet Root: (Alkanet tinctoria) -A natural colorant derived from the alkanet root infused in oil. Usually a purple colour.
Almond, Sweet: (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis) (A,B1,B2,B6 and E) A light to medium oil suitable for especially dry, mature or sensitive skin types. Penetrates easily and contains mineral, fatty acids and proteins. Aides in reliving itching, dryness, inflammation.and burns.
Aloe Vera: Australian Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis) is a great addition to any skin care system adding wonderful moisturizing, soothing, healing, and anti-ageing properties The clear gel found inside the plant’s leaf and the crystalline part found alongside the leaf blade, which contains aloin, are both used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. The clear gel is a remarkably effective healer of wounds and burns, accelerating cell growth of healing and reducing the risk of infection. Aloe has been known at least as far back as ancient Egyptian times. The Egyptians called it the “the plant of immortality” and buried it with Pharaohs. They were well aware of its healing properties and cultivated it. The plant’s gel not only helps to heal scars and damaged skin tissue but it can also heal itself! Scientists have found that the Aloe Vera gel is a mixture of antibiotic, astringent, coagulating agent, pain inhibitor, cell growth stimulator and scar inhibitor.
Aniseed ; Aniseed essential oil is extracted from the seeds of the herb Pimpinella anisum (also known as P. officinale and vulgare), of the Umbelliferae family. Licorice aroma, fishermans friend. Aniseed aroma is useful for digestive problems and can also benefit migraine and vertigo sufferers. Should avoid if pregnant.
Annatto: (Bixa Orellana). A natural colorant with anti oxidant properties derived from annatto seed Usually a yellow colour
Antioxidant: Describes the function a specific ingredient can have on skin to reduce the effects of free-radical damage. Free-radical damage can be caused by the presence of oxygen or any compound that contains an oxygen molecule (such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and superoxide), sunlight, and pollution. Any substance that impedes or slows free-radical damage by preventing the oxidative action of molecules is referred to as an “antioxidant.” Many vitamins have antioxidant properties, including vitamins A, C, and E,
Apple: Fruit/extract – Apple rich in organic acids, vitamin and minerals adding antioxidant properties that may help with cellular repair to the skin.
Apricot: ( Prunus armeniaca) Rich I Vit A, potassium and contain Vit C. anti- aging and anti- keratin effects, regenerating and soothing for delicate skin.
Avocado: (Persea Americana) high in sterolins, which are reputed to reduce age spots, help heal sun damage, and scars. Avocado oil is easily absorbed into deep tissue, and is great for mature skins. May help to relieve the dryness and itching of psoriasis and eczema.
Banana: Rich in Vit A and Postassium. Very nourishing for the skin
Basil: (Ocymum basilicum) High in Vitamins A and C and good relaxing properties. Antiseptic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, may stimulate hair growth, adrenal stimulant, calming, improves mental fatigue.
Bay Laurel:(Laurus nobilis) analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, sedative, diuretic, antibacterial.
Beeswax: (of the honeybee) (cera alba) (Apis mellifera) waxy component in many skin care products; provides moisture as well as a barrier mechanism. Allows for oil and water blending (emulsion).
Behenyl trimethyammonium methosulphate: A conditioning emulsifier, thickener and conditioner, for either hair or skin products. Naturally derived from Colza oil (rape seed).
Bergamot: (Citrus bergamia) Uplifting, sweet, fruity A refreshing and cooling essential oil that helps sooth nervous tension. antiviral, astringent
Bicarbonate of Soda (baking soda): It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially. An alkaline white crystalline or granular powder that neutralises acids. commonly known as bicarbonate of soda or baking soda. Water soluble and it evolves carbon dioxide gas when heated above about 50°C, It is used as an effervescent in “salts”.
Black Pepper: anticatarrhal, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, analgesic, good for blood circulation.
Black Walnut Oil: (Juglans nigra) Made from dried and processed Black Walnut hulls Traditionally used for treating topical fungal infections with great success.
Blackberry: (Rubus fructicosus) good for burns and scalds. The fruit contains malic and citric acids, pectin and albumen.
Calendula: (calendula officinalis) A beautiful healing herb that has been around for thousands of years. Renowned for assisting healing of dermatitis and excema. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, soothing to skin irritations and rashes
Candelilla Wax: (Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax) A natural thickening wax derived from the Candelilla plant and is used in salves and balms and other cosmetic products.
Carrot Seed: (Daucus carota) Carrot seed oil is used in some cosmetics to help fight wrinkles and to rejuvenate the skin.
Castor Oil : (Ricinus communis) very moisturizing oil rich in fatty acids. a humectant attracting moisture from the air to the skin.
Cedarwood Atlas: (Cedrus atlantica) antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, sedative insecticide, tonic, good for respiratory issues, grounding, anxiety, catarrh, hair loss Woody, sweet, Possible Uses: Acne, arthritis, bronchitis, dandruff,
Cetyl Alcohol – derived from vegetable extracts and is a natural thickener, emulsifier and carrying agent.
Chamomile, German: (Matricaria recutita) anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-allergenic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, digestive, fungicidal, nerve sedative. Calming & soothing
Chamomile, Roman: (Anthemis nobilis) antispasmodic, respiratory distress, analgesic, antiseptic, digestive, nerve sedative.
Cinnamon: (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) are astringent, warming stimulant, carminative,
Citric Acid: derived from citrus fruit and used as a preservative and to adjust the PH bakance of products
Clary Sage: (Salvia sclarea) anticonvulsive, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, deodorant, nervine, sedative, tonic, helps balance hormones.
Clay Bentonite: (montmorillonite) derived from weathered volcanic ash. Used as a detoxifying clay has excellent slip properties.
Clay Green: The most absorbing clay grayish green, is due to the presence of ferrous and magnesium ions, generally used for face masks in cases of acne and oily skin.
Green Clay (AKA Illite Clay) contains a cornucopia of valuable elements, which include montmorillonite, several (up to 9) important mineral oxides, magnesium, calcium, potassium, dolomite, silica, manganese, phosporous, silicon, copper, and selenium. Green clay owes its coloration to 2 very important factors, which ultimately decide a good quality clay from a poor quality clay. They are, iron oxides, and decomposed plant matter
Clay Pink:. – is a man-made blend of red and white and is the ideal cosmetic material for refining and softening the skin
Clay Red: is due to the presence of ferrous and copper oxides, in particular Hematite. A mildly absorbent clay used for dry or sensitive skin.
Clay Yellow: is due to the presence of ferric ions and ferric oxides, in particular Siderite similar sues and properties to red clay
Clay Kaolin (white): One of the purest clays. Least absorbing of the clays and is a gentle slightly drawing and light clay, suitable for sensitive, dry, mature or very young skin.
Clay Rhassoul: from deep below the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. Rhassoul is different from other clays due to its unique composition, it is extremely absorbent, making it excellent for cleansing. The mineral properties of Rhassoul clay contain a high percentage of silica, magneium, potassium and calcium. It is used as an exfoliating agent in soap, and in facial masks and body products.
Local Clay: A special mouve clay sooo old and excavated locally with incredible detoxifying properties.
Clary sage: (Salvia sciarea) Used to help strengthen the skin’s barrier and encourage a more natural cellular regeneration
Clove Bud:(Eugenia Caryophylata) antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, stimulating, antirheumatic, analgesic, stimulates immune system.
Cocoa Butter: (Theobroma cacao) It is pressed out of the seeds of the tropical cacao tree
Coconut: An oil from coconut. Coconut oil is a medium-chain saturated fatty acid that has numerous health benefits: antiviral, antimicrobial, and antifungal aroperties. Coconut oil contains lauric acid and its derivative, monolaurin. Both are considered to have properties that destroy viruses. Moisturising, softener and cleanser.
Coco Polyglucose: a non-ionic surfactant, synthesised from coconut and glucose from corn
Comfrey : (Symphytum officinale)One of nature’s greatest medicinal herbs.sed for general wound healing of inflamed tissue, reduce swelling and bruises and for skin cell regeneration. Not to be used on dirty or open wounds.
Cranberry Seed Oil: (Vaccinium Macrocarpon) Naturally occurring tocopherols help to nourish and moisturise the skin. High in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids to help improve circulation and strengthen the immune system
Cucumber : A natural source for erepsin and proteolytic enzymes,antioxidants, May be beneficial in softening, soothing and toning the skin. Calcium, potassium, vitamin B1 and Vitamin C, all of which are wonderful in treating skin eruptions, eczema freckles, pimples, black heads, wrinkles.
Cypress :( cupressos sempervirens)antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, deodorant, restorative, anti-infectious. dermatitis.
DecylPolyglucose: An extremely mild and safe surfactant derived from natural sugar and fatty acids. This product has a very high pH of 11.00 Safe for sensitive skin and baby shampoos. Glucosides are very good at cleansing and removing fats.
Dimethicone: a group of oils and compounds derived from the mineral silica; gives slip and glide to products: has been used in some scar therapies.Silicones are water repellant and very stable. There is no known toxicity when used externally.
Echinacea: (Echinacea Augustifolia ) is used to help speed healing ailments of damaged skin. Firms and tones.
Emu Oil:. It has an extraordinary ability to penetrate the skin, is non-comedo genic and non-irritating. It has been found to reduce inflammation and redness of the skin, reduce the formation of wrinkles and restore moisture to irritated, dry skin. Anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, encourages healing, stimulates skin, hair and nail growth, has a natural SPF and is a natural emollient and moisturizer. A great oil for skin use on all skin types
Emulsifying Wax: Vegetable often derived from palm.
Eucalyptus: (Eucalyptus Globulus) / Eucalyptus Lemon ( Eucalyptus citradora) Australia is the original homeland of eucalyptus Properties include : antibacterial, antifungal, antibiotic, anti inflammatory, antiseptic, analgesic, antiviral, antispasmodic, disinfectant, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic Eucalyptus Oil may help with blisters, acne, animal bite, burns, coughs, cuts, dermatitis, muscular aches, sunburns, tendonitis, windburns, psoriasis, ulcers, wounds Aromatic Benefits: healing, balancing, cooling, invigorating, stimulating The Beauty Properties Eucalyptus oil clears acne and skin blemishes by reducing excessive oiliness. It promotes the regeneration of skin tissue and can also soothe the pain of sunburn. The Emotional Properties Eucalyptus oil’s stimulating and refreshing nature helps overcome sluggishness. During times of emotional overload, it can restore balance, improve concentration and increase intellectual capacity. Eucalyptus oil can cool the heat of anger. After a fight or conflict, diffusing eucalyptus oil through the room will cleanse the environment.
Fig: (ficus carica) Beneficial in reducing superficial surface skin cells. High in iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium BI and B2.
Fragrance Oils: Many skin safe fragrance oils are blended from essential oils, but because they are not guaranteed to be 100% essential oil and often have other blends of synthetic aromas, they are called fragrance oils. We do a lot of research and choose to use the fragrance oils that are classified as skin safe, which exclude certain chemical components. Fragrance oils not classified as skin safe are usually tottally synthetic with up to 1000 chemical components.
Frankincense: (Boswellia carterii ) Frankincense is also known as Olibanum. Renowned for these properties: antiseptic, astringent, expectorant, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, immune stimulant calming, elevating to mind, slows and deepens breathing.
Ginger: ( Zingiber officinale) Warm, spicy, earthy, woody. : Aching muscles, arthritis, nausea, poor circulation
Glycerine: Vegetable derived . A humectant which draws moisture from the air to the skin
Grapefruit : (Citrus Grandis) antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, stimulant, tonic, cellulitis, dull skin, toxin build-up
Grapefruit Seed Extract: (Citrus grandis (Grapefruit) Seed Extract) CITRICIDAL(R)) potent anti bacterial and anti fungal with anti-microbial properties and is used to assist with preservation of cosmetic products.
Grapeseed: (Vitus Vinifera) High in polyunsaturated fatty acids, light in texture soaks readily into skin and is suitable even for babies skin.
Helichrysum: antispasmodic, expectorant, anticoagulant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, tissue regeneration, helps with addiction issues.
Hemp Seed Oil: (Cannabis sativa) Australian Hemp Seed Oil is a rich source of Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) – Omega 6 linoleic , Omega 3 alpha linolenic and Gamma Linolenic acid (GLA) that are important for optimum health in the body. EFAs cannot be produced by the body itself and are vital for the structure and functions of tissues in the body. Hemp seed oil is also a rich source (approx. 25%) of high quality protein, containing all 9 essential amino acids. The oil is a close representation of the properties of our own sebum. The sebaceous glands make an oily substance called sebum that normally empties onto the skin surface through the opening of the follicle, commonly called a pore. Sebum is secreted by the sebaceous glands and has several functions one of them is to reduce water loss from the skin. Hemp seed is a fruit and not a nut. The anaphylaxis society has no reported cases of hemp seed or hemp seed oil causing reactions to people with nut allergies
Honey: (Mel depuratum) Bacteria resistant resulting in excellent treatment for wounds, cuts, abrasions and scalds.
Jasmine: (Jasminum officinalis) Warm, floral, exotic. Possible Uses: Depression, dry skin, exhaustion, labor pains, sensitive skin.
Jojoba:. ( Simmondsia Chinensis ) is actually a non greasy liquid wax. Jojoba contains myristic acid which also has anti-inflammatory actions. Since it is similar in composition to the skin’s own o ils, it is quickly absorbed and is excellent for dry and mature skins as well as inflamed conditions. The structure of jojoba oil (like that of Hemp Seed Oil) closely resembles that of your own skin sebum, is an excellent moisturizer and is ideal for all skin types without promoting acne or any other skin problems. A wonderful oil as an addition to skin care creams or on its own. Jojoba can be used under make up or any time of the day.
Jojoba Wax Esters: perfectly round fine beads are formed from pure jojoba. Will melt with body heat and are a great gentle exfolliant for the face and body giving the skin a polished and moisturised effect.
Juniper Berry: (Juniperus communis) antiseptic, astringent, anti-toxic, circulatory stimulant often used for Cellulitis, obesity, rheumatism, toxin build-up
Kukui : ( Aleurites moluccana) from the Candle Nut tree. Renowned for exceptional Healing properties
Lactic Acid: A food grade preservative that produces natual bacteroicins substances that kill bacteria. An alpha hydroxy acid extracted from milk. It exfoliates cells on the surface of skin by breaking down the material that holds skin cells together
Lamesoft: (Coco Glucsoside and Glyceryl Oleate) the fatty acid monoglyceride glyceryl oleate from sunflower oil and coco glucoside from coconut. Lamesoft supports the skins own lipid layer, protects it from loosing suppleness and drying out and adds gloss to hair
Lauryl Glucoside: is a surfactant and detergent made from coconut oil (the “lauryl” part) and sugar (the glucose part). Such alkyl glycosides biodegrade quickly, and tend to be gentle to the skin, and they work in hard water
Lavender: (lavender Augustafolia) The name Lavender is derived from the Latin word ‘lavera’ to wash, so for us, it is a natural choice to include it in our product range. Lavender is known to tone the skin and is used for many skin conditions. Analgesic, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, deodorant, restorative, sedative, relieves nervous tension and irritability.
Lecithin: a water-attracting agent used in products to help hydrate the skin and improve the texture and ease of spread onto the skin.
Lemon Eucalyptus: (Eucalyptus citriodora) Aromatic Description: Sweet, lemony, fresh, with a woody hint. Possible Uses: Arthritis, cold sores, colds, , poor circulation, sinusitis
Lemon Grass: (Cymbopogon citratus) Lemon grass is used by herbalists and in Ayurvedic herbalism. It helps depression and bad moods and nervous disorders. Antibacterial and antifungal properties it helps with oily skin, and used as a relaxant.
Lemon Myrtle: Essential Oil (Backhousia citriodora) Strong Antifungal, Antibacterial and antiviral properties with reputedly 13 times these properties than tea tree oil Lemon Myrtle found in Australia’s Native rainforest and now cultivated commercially, is the world’s richest known source of citral (90-98%).
Lemon: Essential oil – (Citrus limonum) The amazingly fresh smell of freshly squeezed lemons will tantalise your senses. Over the years Lemon Oil has reputedly been used to revitalize from lack of energy or fatique, sun spots, muscular stimulation to helping to clear up acne, cleaning greasy skin and hair, as well as removing dead skin cells. Lemon will purify stale air and work as a disinfectant. Is often used in sick rooms. Known to work for athlete’s foot, colds, corns, dull skin, influenza, oily skin, sun spots, varicose veins, and warts.
Lime: Essential Oil (Lime latifolia) the Fresh clean fragrance of pure lime juice & lime oil is known to be helpful for poor circulation, good astringent and toning action, good to help clear oily skin as well as acne and pimples.
Litsea cubeba: antiseptic, insecticidal, sedative, stomachic, disinfectant.
Macadamia Nut: (Macadamia integrifolia) cold pressed oil has an unsurpassed ability to penetrate damaged skin, replenishing oils lost during the day. All oils contain various ‘fatty acids’. One of these, palmitoleic acid a monounsaturated fatty acid that acts as an antioxidant, has long been known as beneficial to skin . The kernel contains Vitamins Al, BI, B2, Niacin and essential elements such as calcium, Iron, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Potassium preventing deterioration of cell membranes.
Magnesium Sulphate: (Epsom salt) was originally prepared by boiling down mineral waters at Epsom, England and afterwards prepared from sea water. In more recent times, these salts are obtained from certain minerals such as siliceous hydrate of magnesia.
Mandarin: (Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil) possible Uses: Acne, dull skin, insomnia, oily skin, scars, spots, stress, wrinkles.
Mango Butter: (mangifera Indica) indulge with all the properties of the mango and enjoy the moisturising properties of the rich butter.
Mango: ( Mangifera Indica Fruit/ extract) As a herb and spice Mango is considered the undisputed and uncrowned king of all fruits High in Vit A, C and beta carotene. May assist with wrinkle and dry skin reduction
Marjoram: analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, expectorant, helps mental exhaustion, sedative.
MSM : (Methylsulfonylmethane) The sulfur contained in MSM is a natural ingredient in most living tissue, MSM helps relieve painful muscles and joints, and is also of value in repairing the skin from any type of injury or ailment. Useful in the treatment of arthritis and other joint pain, muscular pains and aches. As a topical application it is also proven useful in the treatment of psoriasis, eczema, and dermatitis. The sulfur contained in MSM is also used in the skin for collagen synthesis.
Myrrh: (bola) (Commiphora myrrha) is excellent to treat wounds and sores, and since it promotes cell regeneration, it is used effectively on mature skin, Heal & hand cracks. anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, revitalizing, sedative.
Natural Moisturizing Factors: One of the primary elements in keeping skin healthy is making sure the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) is intact. That structure is defined and created by skin cells that are held together by the intercellular matrix. The intercellular matrix is the “glue” or “mortar” between skin cells that keep them together. It helps prevent individual skin cells from losing water and creates the smooth, non-flaky appearance of healthy, intact skin. The components that do this are often called natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) or ingredients that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin. While the oil and fat components of skin prevent evaporation and provide lubrication to the surface of skin, it is actually the intercellular matrix along with the skin’s lipid content that gives skin a good deal of its surface texture and feel.
Neem tree: ( Azadirachta indica) excellent for reducing itch, used as a herb in alternative herbal treatments to treat ailments and problems, such as detoxifying the body, skin and scalp complaints and problems, as well as sore and painful muscles. Neem is a bitter herb that is extracted from the bark, leaves and the oil is extracted from the berries and seeds, Proving beneficial in reducing inflammations and clearing toxins, while promoting healing. Also used in organic farming as a spray to help destroys a wide range of parasitic organisms and is also used as an insecticidal and spermicidal
Neroli: (Citrus aurantium) Comes from the flowers of the bitter orange blossom. it takes about 563kgs. of orange blossoms to make 500g of Neroli oil. Neroli oil is very relaxing and can help with depression, insomnia and stress. The oil is good for cellular regeneration and helps prevent scar tissue and stretch marks .
Nettle: (Urtica dioica) is to treat ailments and problems, such as burns, insect bites, arthritis, rheumatism, eczema, dandruff as well as oily or greasy hair.
Niaouli: (Melaleuca quinquenervia) Possible Uses: Aches, acne, bronchitis, colds, coughs, cuts, dull skin, flu, oily skin, sore throat, whooping cough.
Olive oil: (Olea europaea) a good antioxidant and moisturising ingredient with renowned healing properties due to the presence of flavonoids and oleanolic acid, which stimulate the components of the connective tissue and regularize the tissue – thereby boosting the health of the skin.
Orange: (citrus sinensis) sweet orange essential oil. It is used for the rejuvenating effect on the skin, with it’s ability to stimulate healthy new skin cells from the action of the AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) contained in it. Orange oil brings peace and happiness to the mind and body.
Oregano: ( Oreganum vulgare) analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, antiviral, bactericidal, fungicidal, stimulant, tonic.
orris root: Used primarily as a fragrant component due to its violet-like scent
Palm Oil Cold Pressed: (Elaeis guinnesis) is a form of edible vegetable oil obtained from the fruit of the Oil palm tree. The oil palm is a tropical palm tree.Oil is extracted from both the pulp of the fruit (palm oil, an edible oil) and the kernel (palm kernel oil, used mainly for soap manufacture).contains a high amount of carotenoids. Both palm oil and palm kernel oil are high in olefins,. Palm oil contains mainly palmitic and oleic acids, while palm kernel oil contains mainly lauric acid. Palm oil is the largest natural source of tocotrienol, part of the Vitamin E family. Palm oil is one of the few vegetable oils relatively high in saturated fats, though it is not as high in them as palm kernel oil.
Palm Oil: Amazing Soaps chooses NOT to use Palm oil.
Palm oil (Sustainable): is now available from many reputable and environmentally friendly suppliers.
Palmarosa: ( Cymbopogon martinii) used to correct production of skin sebum, stimulate cell rejuvenation and has a hydrating effect on the skin.
Patchouli: (Pogostemon cablin) Great for stress and anxiety. Antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, deodorant, nervine, good for skin, and nervous exhaustion, Acne, athlete’s foot, chapped skin, dermatitis, eczema, fatigue, frigidity, hair care, insect repellent, mature and oily skin.
Pepper, Black: ( Piper nigrum) Possible Uses: Aching muscles, arthritis, chilblains, muscle cramps, poor circulation,
Peppermint: (Mentha Piperita) Essential Oil, Leaves, Water. Peppermint oil can assist muscle aches and pains and skin problems. It may relieve itching, sunburn and inflammation of the skin. analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, expectorant, decongestant, anti-inflammatory, anti- infectious, antifungal, digestive, invigorating.
Petitgrain: (Citrus aurantium) From the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange. Possible Uses: Acne, fatigue, oily skin, stress.ineapple: (ananus communis) contains the enzyme bromelain. Useful in healing burns abd soothing inflamed sore skin.
Polysorbate 20: ( Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate). A non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier derived from sorbitol which is obtained from various types of fruit. A non-toxic, viscous oily liquid derived from lauric acid. (coconut oil) A solubiliser of essential oils/oil in water.
Potassium Hydroxide: KOH (See sodium hydroxide)
Potassium Sorbate: Excellent preservative properties .Sorbic Acid (Potassium Sorbate) can restrain effectively the activity of mould, yeast and aerophile bacteria. It is a naturally occurring unsaturated fatty acid. Sorbic acid was originally discovered in the mountain ash tree.
Raspberry: Fruit/extract –( Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit) Raspberry fruit is in rich in vitamin C and contains astringent qualities and may aid in tissue repair
Rice Bran Oil: (Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil ) contains high amount of natural Vit E Helps to balance pigmentation and may assist with protecting skin collagen and elasticity.
Rose Geranium: Essential oil (Pelargonium graveolens) properties may help to create balance between oily and dry skin, may enhance balance to relieve feelings of stress and anxiety, and may help balance the hormone system.. The strong smell may help to ward off mosquitoes or when used in a shampoo may help with head lice. Rose geranium oil may not be suitable if pregnant
Rose Hip: (Rosa Affinis Rubiginosa or commonly known in Chile as Rosa Mosqueta) . High in Vit A.Recognised for its healing and skin care benefits.An excellent natural moisturizing oil . May assist healing of sensitive, allergic, sun damaged, hyper pigmented, dry, aging, or problem skin, it also proving to provide immediate relief for dry skin and eczema.
Rose: ( Rosa damascena) Common Method of Extraction: Solvent Extracted or Steam Distilled (called Rose Otto)Color: Deep Red for the Absolute, Light Yellow for the Steam Distillate Consistency: Thick for the Absolute, Thin for the Steam Distillate Perfumery Note: Middle Strength of Initial Aroma: Strong Aromatic Description: strongly floral, sweet. Possible Uses: Depression, eczema, frigidity, mature skin, menopause, stress.
Rosemary: (Rosemary officinalis) Precautions Rosemary oil should not be used during pregnancy and is recommended unsuitable for people with epilepsy or high blood pressureThe Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks and the Romans considered Rosemary sacred; in the Middle Ages it was used to ward off evils spirits and as a protection against the plague.Rosemary was burnt in French hospitals during epidemics. This powerful herb was well known to and well used by ancient healers.The therapeutic properties of Rosemary oil are: antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-depressant, anti-rheumatic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, hypertensive, stimulant, Uses Rosemary oil has a pronounced action on the brain; it clears the mind and aids the memory. It helps with headaches, migraines, neuralgia, mental fatigue and nervous exhaustion. Rosemary oil can be effective for mental fatigue, for circulation problems, can be a pain reliever for the muscular system and can help the respiratory tract and a congested skin Aromatherapy Properties: Rosemary Essential Oil is clarifying, warming, invigorating, improves memory, confidence and perception. Medicinal Properties: Antiseptic, anti-microbial, antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, fungicidal. Rosemary as a liniment eases muscles pains. Diluted oil applied to temples or rubbed onto the hair can help to relieve headaches.
Rosemary Oleoresin (ROE): An antioxidant grade oleoresin (rosemary leaf extract) that is oil soluble used to assist to treat oils to delay rancidity.
Rosewood: (Aniba rosaeodora) Helps to tone skin, can be used for Acne, dry skin, dull skin, headache, oily skin, scars, sensitive skin, stress, stretch marks. Antibacterial, antifungal, anti-infectious, antiparasitic
Sandalwood: (Santalum album ) can assist with: eczema, insomnia, scar tissue, irritability, nervous tension, stress, as an aphrodisiac, and for relaxing. The therapeutic properties of Sandalwood oil are: antiseptic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative, emollient, expectorant, sedative and tonic. This relaxing oil could be useful for tension, depression, nervous exhaustion, and anxiety. Sandalwood oil could be useful when used as a soap in the bath.
Sea Salt: a natural salt harvested from various oceans of the earth. High in essential minerals
Seaweed: Kelp sea algae very good cellulite reducing capabilities. A great source of Magnesium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Potassium, 12 vitamins (including A, B1, B2, C, D and E ), 21 amino acids and over 60 minerals and trace elements. It is particularly rich in the trace element iodine and tocopherol (Vitamin E). Kelp is also a powerful body detoxifier and revitaliser.
Sesame: (Sesamum indicum) rich in vitamins A, B and E as well as the minerals iron, calcium, magnesium, copper, silicic acid and phosphorus. It contains linoleic acid and alpha linoleic acid as well as lecithin. A favourite oil for massage as its chemical structure gives it a unique ability to penetrate the skin easily, nourishing and detoxifying even the deepest tissue layers.
Shea Butter : Shea (Butyrospermum Parkii) comes from the kernel of a nut from the Karite tree in West Africa. Shea Butter is highly prized for it superior moisturizing and healing properties, smooth creamy texture and Mild fragrance.
Sodium Benzoate: is employed in a wide range of preservative applications because of its combination of bactericidal and bacteriostatic action with non-toxicity and tastelessness. It is one of the most effective preservatives against yeast and mould.
Sodium Hydroxide: Both sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) are commonly called “lye”. Most commercially available lye is NaOH. Lye is also a main ingredient in the making of soap. NaOH is now most commonly used for this, but traditionally KOH was used because it was easier to obtain. Caustic means “burning” and caustic soda takes its name from the dangerous skin burns that it can cause. In the chemical industry it is widely known simply as “caustic.”
When caustic is used in soap making it is mixed with a fat and water at a precise measure, a molecular chemical change transpires called saponification, and if all ingredients are of a perfect mix, then the end result is that you have a natural bar of soap, high in glycerin content and no longer any caustic.
Spearmint: (Mentha spicata) Possible Uses: Asthma, exhaustion, fever, headache, nausea, scabies. antiseptic, antispasmodic, expectorant, nervine, stimulant, tonic, good for fatigue, nervous strain, stress, takes one back to uncomplicated childhood
Stearic Acid: Naturally derived from soybeans and or palm. A natural fatty acid used to thicken cosmetics
St. John’s Wort : (Hypericumperforatum) A deep, red-colored oil made from freshly gathered St. Johns Wort flowers A valuable anti-inflammatory which can help speed the healing of wounds, bruises, varicose veins, sunburns, bee stings, and mild burns. Frequently used as a breast massage oil especially after radiation treatments.
Strawberry : (fragaria vesca) Rich in anti oxidants, polyphenols and very high in Vit C. Soothing to the skin. The word “strawberry” refers to the bed of straw packed around the plants to protect the berries from touching the dirt.
Tangerine: (Citrus reticulata) Aromatic Description: Fresh, sweet, citrusy, similar to the brighter aroma of tangerine peels (as compared to orange peels), but more concentrated Used to treat oily skin and reduce stretch marks
Tarragon: antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, mental stimulant, immune system stimulant.
Tea Tree: (melaleuca alternifolia) antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral – tea tree oil’s complex chemical composition makes it extremely difficult for germs to develop resistance to it. Traditional antibiotics possess more simple chemical structures to which germs can easily develop immunity. Due to its potent healing and antiseptic properties, the oil has many varied uses. It is most effective in treating skin diseases and respiratory illnesses. Some skin conditions showing marked improvement after applications of tea tree oil are acne, dandruff, burns, cold sores, warts and cuts. Similar to eucalyptus oil, tea tree oil also opens clogged respiratory passages. Tea tree oil is an excellent insect repellent and can be used to repel ticks and soothe sunburns by reducing inflammation. It can also be utilized to reduce the spread of infection in hospitals. Besides sterilizing surgical instruments, washing with soap containing the oil reduces the chances of cross contamination. Soaps made from the oil are 60 times stronger in killing bacteria when compared to other disinfectant soaps. It is recommended not to use straight on injuries.
Thyme: (Thymus vulgaris) Possible Uses: Arthritis, cuts, dermatitis, insect bites, lice ,/ muscle aches, oily skin, poor circulation, scabies, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, immune stimulant, tonic.
Tuberose: (polianthes tuberosa) Aromatic Description: Complex, exotic, sweet, floral.
Ultramarine Blue: The natural variety is a very costly blue pigment with exceptional chemical stability except in the presence of acids. The name “Ultramarine” comes from Latin ultra = beyond and mare = sea. an Inorganic pigment sodium alumino-sulphosilicate. This pigment is the synthetic form of Lazurite. Non toxic and safe in final use Vanilla: (Vanilla planifolia) Color: Deep Brown Aromatic Description: Rich, warm, sweet vanilla aroma.
Vetiver: (Vetiveria zizanoides) Possible Uses: Acne, arthritis, cuts, depression, exhaustion, insomnia, muscular aches, oily skin, rheumatism, sores, stress.
Violet Leaf: (Viola odorata) Aromatic Description: Green, earthy, slightly floral in dilution. Possible Uses: headache, insomnia, rheumatism, sluggish circulation, stress.
Vit A: (Retinyl palmitate) Vitamin A: useful for smoothing out dry skin, minimizing pore size as well as keeping pores clean, and helps reduce the appearance of fine wrinkle lines. Causes sun sensitivity and not to be used if pregnant or nursing.
Vit B5: ( Panthenol) provides long lasting moisture retention, conditions and detangles. Panthenol reduces the formation of split ends, repairs damaged hair and thickens undamaged hair. Dry skin stays supple and elastic for longer. Anti inflammatory and anti itching.
Vit E : (d alpha tycopherol acetate) Natural Vitamin E is an important anti-oxidant which protects against lipid peroxidation (which could contribute to cell membrane weakness). A powerful free radical scavenger. Excellent vitamin to assist with premature aging and wrinkles
Watermelon: Fruit/extract Lycopene is a pigment that gives the bright red color to tomatoes, watermelon (60% more than tomato), grapefruit and guava. Recent studies show the intake of lycopene is associated with reductions in several forms of cancer, The anti-cancer properties of lycopene appear to be due to its effectiveness as an antioxidant The riper or redder the melon the more lycopene.. (published research by the U.S. Department of Agriculture). Watermelon is good for sensitive skin.
Wheatgerm: (triticum vulgare) Rich source of Vit A, E and D. May assist with reducing wrinkles.
White lily: (Lilium candidum) useful to assist ailments such as burns, wound healing, treating damaged and irritated tissue
Witch Hazel: (Hamamelis virginiana ) Astringent , reduce inflammation, contains high amounts of tannins.
Xanthan Gum: A food grade thickener and emulsifier.
Ylang Ylang: (Cananga odorata) Possible Uses: Anxiety, depression, frigidity, hypertension, palpitations, aphrodisiac, antidepressant, anti-infectious, antiseptic, euphoric, hormone regulator, sedative, tonic, stress
Evening Primrose Oil: (Oenothera biennis). May assist with psoriasis, eczema; prevent premature aged skin, wound healing and scars.